Document Type : Review
Associate professor, Department of Health Care Management, Faculty of Health, Tehran Medical Science, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Background and purpose: Examining challenges and solutions to improve productivity in hospitals and medical centers and using various resources for effective production and supply of goods and services requires knowledge and the use of economic and social legalities and tools. Today, the role of productivity in development programs is considered one of the development indicators. If we consider the goal of applying economics to be the optimal allocation of resources, we can safely say that productivity is one of the most important evaluation indicators in order to achieve this goal. Methodology: The current research is a review. Using the terms productivity, hospital management, stress, cost, productivity and effectiveness in Proquest, Pubmed, Database, (SID) Scientific Information, Ovid, Google Scholar, Science direct, Iranmedex, Springer and Scopus databases, articles that were published in English or Farsi about productivity were collected. Results: The review of articles showed that efficiency and effectiveness are two important and effective factors in productivity. Improving productivity should be considered as a result of various factors, including a suitable organizational structure, efficient implementation methods, healthy work tools and equipment, a balanced work environment, and, most importantly, qualified and competent human resources. Conclusion: In this regard, it is necessary to conduct investigations in the hospital to identify effective factors and determine solutions to improve productivity.